Spondylolisthesis is a spinal condition that affects the lower vertebrae (spinal bones). This disease causes one of the lower vertebrae to slip forward onto the bone directly beneath it. It’s a painful condition but treatable in most cases. Both therapeutic and surgical methods may be used. Proper exercise techniques can help you avoid this condition.
You may not experience any symptoms of spondylolisthesis. Some people have the condition and don’t even know it. If you do have symptoms, lower back pain is typically the main one. You may also experience:
Overextending the spine is one of the main causes of spondylolisthesis in young athletes. Genetics may play a role, too. Some people are born with thinner vertebral bone. In older adults, wear and tear on the spine and disks (the cushions between vertebrae) can cause this condition.
Nonsurgical treatments include:
Rest: Take a break from strenuous activities and sports.
Physical therapy: A physical therapist can teach you targeted exercises to strengthen your abdomen (belly) and back. Daily exercises often relieve pain after a few weeks.
Bracing: A brace can help stabilize your spine. The brace limits movement so that fractures can heal. Braces are not used in adults.
Surgical correction of the misplaced vertebra is required when the bone has slipped so far down that your spine doesn’t respond to nonsurgical therapies. Surgery is also required if the bones of your spine are pressing on your nerves.
Purpose: To reduce pressure on the nerves in your low back and relieve back pain
How to perform a knee to chest stretch:
Purpose: To increase your spine’s mobility and flexibility.
How to perform a lower trunk rotation:
Purpose: To strengthen your lower abdominal muscles and stretch your low back.
How to perform a pelvic tilt: