Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spaces within your spine, which can put pressure on the nerves that travel through the spine. Spinal stenosis occurs most often in the lower back and the neck. Some people with spinal stenosis may not have symptoms. Others may experience pain, tingling, numbness and muscle weakness. Symptoms can worsen over time. Spinal stenosis is most commonly caused by wear-and-tear changes in the spine related to osteoarthritis. In severe cases of spinal stenosis, doctors may recommend surgery to create additional space for the spinal cord or nerves.
The backbone (spine) runs from your neck to your lower back. The bones of your spine form a spinal canal, which protects your spinal cord (nerves). Some people are born with a small spinal canal. But most spinal stenosis occurs when something happens to narrow the open space within the spine. Causes of spinal stenosis may include:
Overgrowth of bone. Wear and tear damage from osteoarthritis
on your spinal bones can prompt the
formation of bone spurs, which can grow into the spinal canal
Herniated disks. The soft cushions that act as shock absorbers between your vertebrae tend to dry out with age. Cracks in a disk's exterior may allow some of the soft inner material to escape and press on the spinal cord or nerves.
Spinal injuries. Car accidents and other trauma can cause dislocations or fractures of one or more vertebrae.
Treatment for spinal stenosis depends on the location of
the stenosis and the severity of your signs and symptoms.
Talk to your doctor about the treatment that's best for your situation. If your symptoms are mild or you aren't experiencing any, your doctor may monitor your condition with regular follow-up appointments. He or she may offer some self-care tips that you can do at home. If these don't help, he or she may recommend medications or physical therapy. Surgery may be an option if other treatments haven't helped.
Purpose: To reduce pressure on the nerves in your low back and relieve back pain
How to perform a knee to chest stretch:
Purpose: To increase your spine’s mobility and flexibility.
How to perform a lower trunk rotation:
Purpose: To strengthen your lower abdominal muscles and stretch your low back.
How to perform a pelvic tilt: